Use WDT using ESP8266

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Posts: 81
Joined: Fri Jul 20, 2018 6:08 am

Use WDT using ESP8266

Post by guyd » Mon Oct 22, 2018 5:12 pm

I try to use WDT as noted in ... e.WDT.html, where it specifically instruct to input a apatmeter called `timeout` to define max time until next feed. BUT when I write same code as noted I get an error says :

Code: Select all

from machine import WDT
>>> wdt=WDT(timeout=2)
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
TypeError: function does not take keyword arguments
why is that ?

Posts: 629
Joined: Thu Sep 07, 2017 8:57 pm

Re: Use WDT using ESP8266

Post by jickster » Mon Oct 22, 2018 6:07 pm

Firstly your link is not for the ESP8266 but for the WiPy; in this it doesn't matter but be careful cause sometimes there's differences.

Secondly do not expect the documentation to be up to date. Example: I switched to the ESP8266 version ... hlight=wdt yet it has this text
Availability of this class: pyboard, WiPy.
Why put it in the ESP8266 docs if it's not accessible in that module? #shrugemoji

Refer to:
Secondly do not expect the documentation to be up to date.

Posts: 629
Joined: Thu Sep 07, 2017 8:57 pm

Re: Use WDT using ESP8266

Post by jickster » Mon Oct 22, 2018 6:22 pm

But wait there's more!

WDT does exist for ESP8266. How do I know? By looking at the C-code (and by the fact that when you attempted to use it, you were able to get SOME response).

I also looked at the the file machine_wdt.c and I do not see how you can set a timeout at all.

The only argument allowed to the constructor is 0 (which is also the default if you leave it blank).
There are two functions: feed, deinit
but I don't see how to set the timeout.

It ?appears? the watchdog is meant for the system's use and not your own use but there should be some way to set the timeout.

Code: Select all

#include <string.h>

#include "py/runtime.h"
#include "user_interface.h"
#include "etshal.h"
#include "ets_alt_task.h"

const mp_obj_type_t esp_wdt_type;

typedef struct _machine_wdt_obj_t {
    mp_obj_base_t base;
} machine_wdt_obj_t;

STATIC machine_wdt_obj_t wdt_default = {{&esp_wdt_type}};

STATIC mp_obj_t machine_wdt_make_new(const mp_obj_type_t *type_in, size_t n_args, size_t n_kw, const mp_obj_t *args) {
    mp_arg_check_num(n_args, n_kw, 0, 1, false);

    mp_int_t id = 0;
    if (n_args > 0) {
        id = mp_obj_get_int(args[0]);

    switch (id) {
    case 0:
        ets_loop_dont_feed_sw_wdt = 1;
        return &wdt_default;

STATIC mp_obj_t machine_wdt_feed(mp_obj_t self_in) {
    return mp_const_none;
STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_1(machine_wdt_feed_obj, machine_wdt_feed);

STATIC mp_obj_t machine_wdt_deinit(mp_obj_t self_in) {
    return mp_const_none;
STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_FUN_OBJ_1(machine_wdt_deinit_obj, machine_wdt_deinit);

STATIC const mp_rom_map_elem_t machine_wdt_locals_dict_table[] = {
    { MP_ROM_QSTR(MP_QSTR_feed), MP_ROM_PTR(&machine_wdt_feed_obj) },
    { MP_ROM_QSTR(MP_QSTR_deinit), MP_ROM_PTR(&machine_wdt_deinit_obj) },
STATIC MP_DEFINE_CONST_DICT(machine_wdt_locals_dict, machine_wdt_locals_dict_table);

const mp_obj_type_t esp_wdt_type = {
    { &mp_type_type },
    .name = MP_QSTR_WDT,
    .make_new = machine_wdt_make_new,
    .locals_dict = (mp_obj_dict_t*)&machine_wdt_locals_dict,

Posts: 570
Joined: Sat Feb 03, 2018 7:02 pm

Re: Use WDT using ESP8266

Post by kevinkk525 » Mon Oct 22, 2018 6:49 pm

I'm using a software watchdog on the esp8266 using interrupts and uasyncio. Maybe you find it useful:

Code: Select all

import gc
import uasyncio as asyncio
import machine
from pysmartnode.utils import sys_vars
from sys import platform

from pysmartnode import logging

class WDT:
    def __init__(self, id=0, timeout=120, use_rtc_memory=True):
        self._timeout = timeout / 10
        self._counter = 0
        self._timer = machine.Timer(id)
        self._use_rtc_memory = use_rtc_memory
        if sys_vars.hasFilesystem():
                with open("watchdog.txt", "r") as f:
                    if == "True":
                        logging.getLogger("WDT").warn("Reset reason: Watchdog")
            except Exception as e:
                print(e)  # file probably just does not exist
                with open("watchdog.txt", "w") as f:
            except Exception as e:
                logging.getLogger("WDT").error("Error saving to file: {!s}".format(e))
        elif use_rtc_memory and platform == "esp8266":
            rtc = machine.RTC()
            if rtc.memory() == b"WDT reset":
                logging.getLogger("WDT").warn("Reset reason: Watchdog")

    def _wdt(self, t):
        self._counter += self._timeout
        if self._counter >= self._timeout * 10:
            if sys_vars.hasFilesystem():
                    with open("watchdog.txt", "w") as f:
                except Exception as e:
                    print("Error saving to file: {!s}".format(e))
            elif self._use_rtc_memory and platform == "esp8266":
                rtc = machine.RTC()
                rtc.memory(b"WDT reset")

    def feed(self):
        self._counter = 0

    def init(self, timeout=None):
        timeout = timeout or self._timeout
        self._timeout = timeout
        self._timer.init(period=int(self._timeout * 1000), mode=machine.Timer.PERIODIC, callback=self._wdt)

    def deinit(self):  # will not stop coroutine

    async def _resetCounter(self):
        while True:
            await asyncio.sleep(self._timeout)
def hasFilesystem():
return not os.statvfs("")[0] == 0
Kevin Köck
Micropython Smarthome Firmware (with Home-Assistant integration):

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